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Cashews originate from Brazil, and they have been imported to India, which is now the world's largest producer of cashew nuts, by the Portuguese. These nuts are usually 3cm long and have a shape that resembles a shape of a boxing glove. Cashew nuts grow from a pseudo carp - cashew apple, whose pulp is juicy and sweet, and it can be processed into a fruit drink. Cashews can grow as single nuts or in clusters, and they have their own shells. Cashew apple is a pear-shaped fruit that can grow 6-15 cm long, with a red and/or yellow skin covering its juicy pulp.
Besides being a delicious fruit, cashew nut is also a valuable source of many vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients, and it contains five times more Vitamin C than oranges. It contains esters, terpenes, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, lactones, and because of this, it is often used to make highly nutritive snack food and drinks. Cashew nuts are also used for the preparation of many beauty products because they prevent premature aging of skin and hair. Cashew nut is rich in essential Amino acids (8.8 mg %). It contains Zinc (4.8mg per 100g), mineral necessary for strengthening immune system, as well as other minerals and vitamins: Potassium, Sodium, Copper, Fluorine, Iodine, Calcium (31 mg %), Iron (2.8 mg %), Phosphorus (373 mg %), Vitamin B1 (45 mg %), B2 (12 mg %), B6, Niacin (12 mg %), and Vitamin E (5, 7
mg %). Cashew nuts contain a lot of fat (48.2g), which also means they are high in calories: 100g contain 2.478 kJ (578 kcal).
Cashews are proven to show antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, refreshing and invigorating effects. They are also very effective against cough, they lower blood sugar and high blood pressure, suppresses fever, aid in cleaning intestines and are an aphrodisiac. The Ticuna tribe from northwestern parts of Amazonia considers cashew juice to be a remedy for curing flu. They also use leaves and tree bark to make tea for curing diarrhea, while others use that tea to rinse their mouth when having tonsillitis or sores on the mucous membrane.





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